✿ღ ✿⊱╮BUDDHISM FOR PEACE ✿ღ ✿⊱╮UNDERSTANDING OF SCRIPTURES✿ღ ✿⊱╮
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On August 30 our Vajra Brother Mangala Konchok Norbu celebrated his Birthday . We all wish him health, long life , Light and prosperity . May Amitabha Buddha always abide in his Heart .
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As many of you know BUDDHA DHARMA organised seven symphosiums called DIALOGUES & ARS SACRA FOR WORLD PEACE at the Congress & Cultural centre Ljubljana Slovenia EU between 1998 and May 2000. Visual Dharma about this important events are published on our youtube channel : please view it below :
Recently I have been invited to South Korean based NGO HWPL Heavenly culture , World Peace, Restoration of Light , working for peace in the world on different levels through education and dialogue . I already partitipated in two conferences on Skype . Our WARP conferences are sheduled twice monthly , every second Sunday afternoon . Another skype conference is used for feedbacks and also answering further questions from students who attentively listen at WARP office in Seaul . Skype conference is skillfully managed by Mrs. Sue Kim and Mr. Edward Chan . I received questions via email in advance and sent my answers in advance . On WARP conference on Skype I could answer students questions and hear their insights . Other guest speakers were president of Ahmadiya muslim community in Slovenia and Mr. Janez who is Catholic priest . He sent recordings , because this time he could not attend skype conference in person . Mr. Ahmad began WARP conference on skype with short prayer . Sue Kim showed short video about Mr. Lee receiving Gandhi Award = “Mathatma Gandhi Prize for Nonviolent Peace” Awarded to HWPL Chairman
Dear Tara Tulku Rinpoche, Good day!
This is Sue, and I’m glad that we’re going to have 4th WARP Office of Slovenia today at 2 pm in your local time.
Thank you for your participation despite you schedule, and please send me your script in advance. 🙂 I will look forward to meeting you soon!
Sincerely, Sue Kim
I, INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR CONTEMPORARY BUDDHIST STUDIES
- How many books does your scrupture have ?
Buddhism nowdays is practiced by more than 600 millions of people on all continents . There are three main Buddhist tradition of Buddhism : Hinayana or Small vehicle, Mahayana or Great vehicle and Vajrayana or Diamond vehicle . All these Buddhist traditions have unique Buddhist scriptures . Hinayana Buddhists have Pali canon ; Mahayana Buddhists have Sutras and other treatises ; Vajrayana Buddhists have extensive Scriptures and practice manuals . All these Sacred Buddhist texts are contained in Kangyur and Tengyur . Buddhist path of enlightenment is based on Sila (ethical discipline , Tib. Tsultrim) , samadhi (concentration ) and prajna (wisdom of discernment or intelligence) .
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kangyur
Young monks printing scriptures in Sera Monastery, Tibet, China
|Literal meaning||Translation of the Word|
The Tibetan Buddhist canon is a loosely defined list of sacred texts recognized by various schools of Tibetan Buddhism, comprising the Kangyur or Kanjur (‘The Translation of the Word’) and the Tengyur or Tanjur (Tengyur) (‘Translation of Treatises’).
The Tibetan Buddhist Canon
Main article: Tibetan Buddhist canon
In addition to earlier foundational Buddhist texts from early Buddhist schools, mostly the Sarvastivada, and Mahayana texts, the Tibetan canon includes Tantric texts. The last category is not always sharply distinguished from the others: the tantra division sometimes includes material usually not thought of as tantric in other traditions, such as the Heart Sutra and even versions of material found in the Pali Canon.
The Tibetans did not have a formally arranged Mahayana canon and so devised their own scheme which divided texts into two broad categories, the “Words of the Buddha” and later the commentaries; respectively the Kangyur and Tengyur. The Tengyur underwent a final compilation in the 14th Century by Bu-ston (1290–1364). Unfortunately, we have no proof that Bu-ston also took part in the collection and edition of the Tsal pa Kangyur, but he consecrated a copy of this Kangyur 1351 as he visited Tshal Gung-thang (Eimer 1992:178). We know from sakya mchog ldan (1428-1507) that Bu-ston edited a Kanjur; unfortunately not which one. “The Kangyur usually takes up a hundred or a hundred and eight volumes, the Tengyur two hundred and twenty-five, and the two together contain 4,569 works.”
- Kangyur or “Translated Words” consists of works in about 108 volumes supposed to have been spoken by the Buddha himself. All texts presumably had a Sanskrit original, although in many cases the Tibetan text was translated from Chinese or other languages.
- Tengyur or “Translated Treatises” is the section to which were assigned commentaries, treatises and abhidharma works (both Mahayana and non-Mahayana). The Tengyur contains around 3,626 texts in 224 Volumes.
The Kangyur is divided into sections on Vinaya, Perfection of Wisdom Sutras, other sutras (75% Mahayana, 25% Hinayana), and tantras. It includes texts on the Vinaya, monastic discipline, metaphysics, the Tantras, etc. Some describe the prajñāpāramitā philosophy, others extol the virtues of the various Bodhisattvas, while others expound the Trikāya and the Ālaya-Vijñāna doctrines.
When exactly the term Kangyur was first used is not known. Collections of canonical Buddhist texts existed already in the time of Trisong Detsen, the sixth king of Tibet, in Spiti, who ruled from 755 until 797 CE.
The exact number of texts in the Kangyur is not fixed, each editor takes responsibility for removing texts he considers spurious, and adding new translations. Currently there are about 12 available versions of the Kangyur. These include the Derge, Lhasa, Narthang, Cone, Peking, Urga, Phudrak, and Stog Palace versions, each named after the physical location of its printing. In addition some canonical texts have been found in Tabo Monastery and Dunhuang which provide earlier exemplars to texts found in the Kangyur. All extant Kangyur appear to stem from the Old Narthang Monastery Kangyur. The stemma of the Kangyur have been well researched in particular by Helmut Eimer.
The Buddhist Canon
Main article: Tibetan Buddhist canon
Together with the 108-volume Kangyur (the Collection of the Words of the Buddha), these form the basis of the Tibetan Buddhist canon. “The Kangyur usually takes up a hundred or a hundred and eight volumes, the Tengyur two hundred and twenty-five, and the two together contain 4,569 works.”
As example, the content of the Beijing Tengyur:
- Stotras (“Hymns of Praise”): 1 Volume; 64 texts.
- Commentaries on the Tantras: 86 Volumes; 3055 texts.
- Commentaries on Sutras; 137 Volumes; 567 texts.
- Prajnaparamita Commentaries, 16 Volumes.
- Madhyamika Treatises, 29 Volumes.
- Yogacara Treatises, 29 Volumes.
- Abhidharma, 8 Volumes.
- Miscellaneous Texts, 4 Volumes.
- Vinaya Commentaries, 16 Volumes.
- Tales and Dramas, 4 Volumes.
- Technical Treatises, 43 Volumes.
The Nyingma Gyubum of the Nyingma was a dependent arising resulting from the ‘normalization’ of the Kangyur and Tengyur by the Sarma traditions which for the most part excluded Nyingma literatures. Davidson (2005: p. 225) opines that the first edition of the Nyingma Gyubum began formation by the twelfth century with certain texts drawn from the Terma literature.
In Tibetan Buddhism, specifically in the literature and practice of Dzogchen, the seventeen tantras of the esoteric instruction cycle (Tibetan: མན་ངག་སྡེའི་རྒྱུད་བཅུ་བདུན, Wylie: man ngag sde’i rgyud bcu bdun) are a collection of tantras belonging to the textual division known as the “esoteric instruction cycle” (also known variously as: Nyingtik, Upadesha or Menngagde).
As Ati Yoga Dzogchen practitioner I am especially interested in 17 Tantras of Dzogchen Upadesha . First and most important Buddhists scripture is Dra Thal Gyur tantra or Penetration of Sound . It describes formation of the universe . All Buddhist scriptures A-rise from the Penetration of Sound or Dra Thal Gyur. Tjis sacred text is not yet completely translated into Englsih , but excerpts are included in Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism by HH Dudjom Rinpoche . Chogyal Namkha Norbu Rinpoche gave oral transmission or lung /reading transmission of Dra Thal Gyur on open webcast ; many thousands spiritual practitioners received this transmission of Dra Thal Gyur tantra .
What kind of books does your scripture have ?
Nowdays very many Buddhist books are translated from tibetan , sanskrit and other languages . Many Buddhist masters also publish their lectures in books, e-books and on internet sites like Academia.edu .
By whom and when were they writtten ?
Buddhist sacred texts were written centuries ago by enlightened Buddhist master like Vimalamitra who wrote extensive commentary on DFra Thal Gyur tantra or Penetration of Sound . There are very many Buddhist books covering psychology , peace education esp. Vietnamese master Thigh Nhat Hanh , HH the Dalai Lama , HH Karmapa, Chogyal Namkhai Norbu , Tulku Thondup and others .
Explain your scripture .
In one of the hidden treasure of Nyingma lineage its written : »Perfect Buddhas A-rise from A…« We can understand that our secret Sound of our primordially pure Buddha nature is the source of all Outer sounds , all letters, all alphabets , all forms and five elemenst of our phyisical body and five elements of external world : space, wind , water, fire, earth .
- Does your scripture have a purpose of why it is written ?
The aim of Buddhists scriptures is to show the Path of enlightenment and liverationn of samsara or cyclic existance . All Buddhist scriptures are part of the Three Jewels : the Buddha , The Dharma , the Sangha . The Dharma consist of written Buddhist scriptures thatnsmitted to us by enlightened Buddha and lineage master over the past centuries and lineage master of present time .
- What is the fundamental difference between your scripture and books of the world written by men ?
Buddhist scriptutres or sacred Texts are in the domain of Buddha Manjushri (photo above) who is the Buddha of Wisdom . Buddhist sacred texts are Wisdom tradition .
The main diffrerence between Buddhist sacred texts and other religious texts are : Buddhism is wisdom tradition , pointing directly to our primordially pure Buddha nature . Buddhism is not monotheistic religion and does not teach about inherent sin , but about our primordially pure Buddha nature inherent in every sentient being .
Tara Tulku Drimed Drolkhar Rinpoche
Bibliographies of researchers and authors :
Institute for information science , 90321
Maribor, Slovenia, European Union
HWPL organisation will held second world peace conference in Seul on 3rd weekend in September . I really appreciate invitation to attend this conference – invitation letter from Mr. Lee . Unfortunatelyl this year I can not attend , because I partitipate at WEE Convention in Germany – Munich Olympia hall exactly at that time . But I will do my best to collaborate in WARP office skype conferences and could attend HWPL world peace conference in September 2017 .
Selected bibliography :
Next month, the 2nd Annual Commemoration of September 18th WARP Summit will be held. World leaders and citizens will have a venue to discuss how the spirit of peace can be developed in their societies. To see the preview of summit, click http://hwpl.kr/media/hwpl_news/view/94
https://www.facebook.com/hwpl.kr/videos/vb.481160545420384/500199236849848/?type=2&theater Declaration of world peace , March 2016
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